Asian elephant historical range (pink) and current range (red). The Asian elephant (Elephas maximus), also called Asiatic elephant, is the only living species.
There are three subspecies of Asian elephant – the Indian, Sumatran and Sri Lankan. The Indian has the widest range and accounts for the majority of the.
Rübel, A. & Wikramanayake, E. (IUCN SSC Asian Elephant Specialist Group) 2008. Conservation sites identified: Yes, over entire range.
The Asian elephant is considered to be a single species, Elephas human population lives in or near the present range of the Asian elephant.