J Urol. 2007 Apr;177(4):1349-53; quiz 1591. Vaginal mucosal vaccine for recurrent urinary tract infections in women: results of a phase 2 clinical trial. Hopkins.
J Urol. 1997 Jun;157(6):2049-52. Vaginal mucosal immunization for recurrent urinary tract infection: phase II clinical trial. Uehling DT(1), Hopkins WJ, Balish E, .
Many women remain susceptible to ascending urinary tract infections (UTIs) despite the absence of a demonstrable anatomic abnormality .
The oral, rectal, and vaginal immunization groups consisted of 5, 5, and 4.